Evaluation of Local Enforcement on Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China
As part of its commitment to promoting and improving the local enforcement of appliance energy efficiency standards and labeling, the China National Institute of Standardization launched the National and Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling program on August 14, 2009. For this program, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan and Shanghai were selected as pilot locations.
This paper provides background information on the local enforcement program, activities and results thereof, as well as comparison to previous rounds of check-testing conducted in 2006 and 2007. The paper also evaluates the local enforcement schemes, highlights successes, and makes recommendations for improvements based on international practices.
Results of the evaluation demonstrate both improvement and some backsliding. Enforcement schemes are in place in all target cities and applicable national standards and regulations were followed as the basis for local check testing. In general, check testing results show high labeling compliance across regions for five products. However, there are key weaknesses in labeling compliance in Sichuan, as well as in the efficiency standards compliance levels for small and medium three phase asynchronous motors and self-ballasted fluorescent lamps. Particularly, in the case of refrigerators, the efficiency standards compliance rates vary significantly across regions – while Shandong demonstrates extremely high compliance rate (100%), the rate in Shanghai shows medium to low compliance (50%).
Additionally, the average compliance rate across all tested models also dropped from 96% in 2007 to 63% in 2009, possibly due to the implementation of newly strengthened efficiency standards.
Recommendations for improvement include increasing awareness at the local level, revising product sampling methodology, and strengthening testing tools and procedures.