MV&E Publication Library

Improving Compliance of Equipment Energy Efficiency Programs Through Monitoring, Verification, and Enforcement


The Policy Pathway report aims to provide clear guidance to policymakers and relevant stakeholders on best practice compliance (through monitoring, verification and enforcement - MV&E) in end-use appliance and equipment standards and labeling (S&L) programs.

S&L programs are market interventions that aim to encourage the sale of electrical appliances and equipment using less energy than might have otherwise been promoted. They represent a cost-effective way to overcome market failures in the sale of energy efficient appliances and equipment.

At the Clean Energy Ministerial meeting held in Washington, DC, in July 2010, 24 energy ministers endorsed priority actions in six electricity end-use technology categories. Actions across all categories of technologies involve S&L programs.

As an integral part of S&L programs, MV&E measures energy efficiency actions, assesses the relevant impact of individual actions, and holds entities responsible for their actions. By improving the design and implementation of MVE schemes, it is possible to curtail the unacceptably high levels of non-compliance which have hampered the effectiveness of some S&L programs in the past.

MV&E provides benefits for:

  • consumers, who receive the expected product when making a purchasing decision;
  • business stakeholders, who are provided a level playing field and do not lose competitiveness by complying; and
  • policymakers, who can assess the effectiveness of their programs and evaluate where improvements could be made.

Without system-wide measurement, it is impossible to know what is being achieved or whether the program is successful. Without targeted measurement of individual product suppliers, it is impossible to know which suppliers are not compliant.

Drawing on experiences from practitioners operating within all stakeholder groups across appliance and equipment sectors, and over 30 years of global experience with MV&E in national programs, this pathway proposes four stages in implementing effective M&E programs:

  • Plan: program managers should plan to integrate robust MVE activities from the outset, which will prevent delay, waste and additional costs further down the line. They should involve experts from all stakeholder groups.
  • Implement: program managers should focus communications on informing and educating stakeholders about the change in the marketplace and their responsibilities. Compliance will increase when MVE leads to widespread understanding of the purpose and benefits of S&L projects.
  • Monitor: program managers should support MVE activities that enhance enforcement capabilities by expanding MVE from general information collection to assessing how well most-at-risk suppliers are meeting their responsibilities.
  • Evaluate: program managers should continually evaluate the goals of their program and not shy away from enforcement actions where needed.