Publication Library

Browse CLASP's publications by date of publication, or use the dropdown menus below to narrow your search to an economy and/or topic.

  • Economies include countries and select regions;
  • Topics include appliances (e.g., air conditioners) and research topics (e.g., harmonization, case studies, or incentives).
  • 17 March 2006

    Efficiency of Appliance Models on the Market Before and After DOE Standards

    Appliance standards set a floor for energy efficiency. But do they also induce more significant changes in the efficiencies that manufacturers offer after the standard becomes effective? To address this question, the study undertook an examination of before-standard and after-standard efficiency of models on the market for three products:refrigerators, room air conditioners, and gas furnaces.

  • 17 March 2006

    Consultation Paper on a Mandatory Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme

    Under the proposed mandatory EELS, energy labels are required to be shown on specified products for supply in Hong Kong to inform consumers of their energy efficiency performance. The inclusion of energy consuming products into the mandatory EELS will be implemented in phases. Three products in the initial phase of the mandatory EELS are suggested: (a) refrigerators; (b) room coolers; and (c) compact fluorescent lamps.

  • 17 March 2006

    Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Energy Efficiency Design Options for Residential Furnaces and Boilers

    The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculated in this analysis expresses the costs of installing and operating a furnace or boiler for its lifetime starting in the year 2012—the year a new standard would take effect. The analysis also calculated the payback period (PBP) for energy-efficiency design options. The PBP represents the number of years of operation required to pay for the increased efficiency features. It is the change in purchase expense due to an increased efficiency standard divided by the change in annual operating cost that results from increased efficiency.

  • 17 March 2006

    New Analysis Techniques for Estimating Impacts of U.S. Federal Appliance Efficiency Standards

    The analysis of standards has evolved in response to critiques and in an attempt to develop more precise estimates of costs and benefits of these regulations. The newer analysis elements include: (1) valuing energy savings by using marginal (rather than average) energy prices specific to an end-use; (2) simulating the impacts of energy efficiency increases over a sample population of consumers to quantify the proportion of households having net benefits or net costs over the life of the appliance; and (3) calculating marginal markups in distribution channels to derive the incremental change in retail prices associated with increased manufacturing costs for improving energy efficiency.

  • 17 March 2006

    Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment: Additional Opportunities

    The main goal of this study is to estimate key national impacts of new and upgraded energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment. These impacts approximate the opportunity for national benefits that may be lost if standards are not upgraded and expanded from current levels. This study also identifies the end uses where the largest opportunities exist.