The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority (EECA) is the key government organization implementing energy efficiency measures in New Zealand. It carries out both regulatory and non-regulatory measures. The Ministry of Economic Development (MED) is also involved, as EECA's monitoring agency and the administrators of New Zealand's energy efficiency regulations.
Additionally, New Zealand's appliance and equipment energy efficiency programs have always been closely linked technically, commercially and administratively to those of Australia. A joint workplan for developing and reviewing MEPS and labeling is developed by the Equipment Energy Efficiency (E3) Committee which includes representation from both countries. Despite this convergence, there are some differences in coverage and implementation of individual MEPS and labeling requirements. New Zealand has also implemented the Energy Star voluntary endorsement program across a range of products.
The E3 Committee, a committee of officials in which New Zealand is represented, progresses according to an agreed workplan. The Committee reports to the Energy Efficiency Working Group (E2WG), Ministerial Council on Energy's Standing Committee of Officials (MCE SCO), and the Ministerial Council on Energy (MCE) in which the New Zealand Minister of Energy and Resources is engaged in matters relating to the Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Arrangement (TTMRA). Proposals for energy efficiency generated by the E3 committee are required to be approved by these committees.
Additionally, all proposals to improve energy efficiency in New Zealand must be approved by the Cabinet of the New Zealand Government.
Legislative S&L History
The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act of 2000 is the overarching legislation which established the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority, set the requirement for a New Zealand Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy, and gives the Authority the power to make regulations.
The Energy Efficiency (Energy Using Products) Regulations of 2002 allow the Authority to set minimum standards and labeling requirements on energy using appliances. These can be found at www.legislation.govt.nz.
The test methods, comparative labeling and performance requirements for specific products are included into the regulations by reference through periodic amendments. The detailed test methods and performance requirements are generally described through Australian and New Zealand Joint Standards; however, other types of international standards can be used if suitable.
S&L Regulatory Process
The process for developing new MEPS or revising current MEPS starts with an initial policy investigation, usually described as a product profile, which investigates the market and performance of a particular class of products. Information is sought from industry and a public consultation is held. If, following this stage, the E3 Committee concludes that there may be potential to improve efficiency through a MEPS, a full regulation impact statement is commissioned. Public consultation is held on the Regulation Impact Statement.
As a parallel process, a Standards Committee meets to develop the necessary standards to enact the policy decisions.
Following this, there is a decision making process where Ministers approve the proposed policy, the Regulations are drafted and approved by Cabinet, and the standards are finalized and published.
This process is usually about 2 years from start to finish.