India's Standards and Labeling (S&L) program for appliances and equipment is based on the Energy Conservation Act of 2001 and developed and administered by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) provides technical support for India's S&L energy efficiency initiatives through the development of test procedures and related standards.
In 2006, BEE, as authorized by India's Ministry of Power (MOP), initiated the S&L program in India through a voluntary comparative labeling scheme for refrigerators and air conditioners. BEE's overall strategy is to begin labeling on a voluntary basis and transition to a mandatory approach for energy performance and test procedure standards as market receptivity increases.
BEE's Star Labeling is now mandatory for four appliances including frost-free refrigerators, room air conditioners, distribution transformers and tubular fluorescent lights (TFLs). An additional ten products, including single phase split air conditioners, direct cool refrigerators, three phase induction motors, agricultural pump sets, ceiling fans, LPG stoves, hot water geysers, color televisions, ballast(Electronic/Magnetic) and washing machines, are administered by the BEE under the comparative voluntary labeling program. An endorsement label was introduced for computers(notebook/laptop) in 2011.
India's S&L framework includes multiple cooperating organizations: the Ministry of Power, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Steering Committees, the Technical Committee, and the Bureau of Indian Standards.
Ministry of Power (MOP)
The MOP has the primary responsibility of implementing reforms in power sector under the Energy Conservation Act of 2001. MOP, with the help of Central- and State-level departments, controls electricity generation, transmission, and the distribution network.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
BEE, working under the MOP, has the mandate to implement the S&L program in India. BEE receives financial support from MOP through the Central Energy Conservation Fund and technical support from a number of international NGOs for standards and labels as well as for other program areas.
Steering Committee (SC)
The SC, established and facilitated by BEE, directs program design, processes and procedures, implementation and enforcement mechanisms, and relationships with manufacturers and manufacturing associations.
Technical Committees (TCs)
TCs exist for different appliance and equipment sectors, comprised of technical persons from BEE, BIS, manufacturers and manufacturing associations. TCs discuss the technical matters involved in the standards setting process and assist the SC in formulating implementation strategies.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
The BIS is the national standards organization. BIS, which has been instrumental in setting overall voluntary quality standards for appliances and products, works through Committees of technical experts and stakeholders, such as manufacturers, government agencies, consumer groups, and testing facilities to draft these standards.
The figure below shows the organizational relationships involved in India's S&L system:
Legislative S&L History
The Government of India's S&L program is based upon the Energy Conservation Act (ECA) of 2001. The Act legislated for a wide range of energy efficiency initiatives including the development of S&L programs for equipment and appliances. Prior to the passage of the Act, India's Ministry of Power (MOP) created the Energy Management Centre (EMC) for the purpose of coordinating power sector reform. EMC worked with both national and international organizations in the formulation of a power reform strategy, which culminated in the passage of the ECA. MOP is primarily responsible for implementing the power sector reforms legislated in ECA and, to this end, MOP established the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in 2002. The BEE works under MOP to implement these reform measures.
S&L Regulatory Process
In the development of labeling schemes, BEE coordinates inputs from multiple stakeholders through their participation on the Steering Committee and product specific Technical Committees. The Steering Committee (SC) coordinates the overall design of the labeling program and its implementation process. Technical Committees (TCs) determine the technical issues related to labeling, including test procedures, data collection, data analysis, standard settings, and label design. Once BEE has developed a label, through input from SC and TCs, the label is proposed to MOP who is responsible for the execution of the labeling scheme.