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Vietnam Room Air Conditioner Market Assessment and Policy Options Analysis

The room air conditioner (AC) market in Vietnam is experiencing a rapid shift towards more efficient air conditioners thanks in part to the introduction of a seasonal performance metric in 2015. However, as cooling related energy demand continues to grow and Vietnam scales up coal-fired power generation, there is need for more ambitious minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for ACs. The best available technology is more than twice as efficient as the worst available AC on the market, and most ACs boast cooling seasonal performance factors (CSPF) far above the MEPS. 76% of models now meet the requirements to be labeled in the 4-5 star range. Vietnam’s room AC market is primed for a revision of the MEPS and star rating system.

Vietnam Room Air Conditioner Market Assessment and Policy Options Analysis provides the technical evidence to support a revision of Vietnam's MEPS and energy labeling ratings for ACs.

CLASP, in collaboration with the Ecology and Environment Institute (EEI), conducted a comprehensive characterization of the room air conditioner market in Vietnam and analyzed impacts from various policy scenarios. EEI collected product data for 1,773 air conditioners sold across 20 retail stores and conducted interviews with relevant stakeholders. CLASP analyzed the data and estimated potential energy savings and avoided emissions at the national level, and lifecycle cost savings for consumers, under three MEPS policy scenarios: business-as-usual MEPS, a 20% increase in MEPS, and MEPS set according to the best available technology on the market.

The report assesses the key characteristics of the room AC market in Vietnam, the Vietnamese power sector, and the legal and regulatory framework for implementing energy efficiency policies. CLASP uses current market conditions and market forecasts to model the impacts of multiple policy scenarios and provide policy recommendations.

Vietnam Room Air Conditioner Market Assessment and Policy Options Analysis is funded by the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (K-CEP). As a grantee of K-CEP, CLASP supports activities to raise efficiency standards, improve testing efforts, provide training and other capacity building activities targeted to local needs, and implement national market transformation initiatives in Southeast Asia. K-CEP is a philanthropic initiative to support the Kigali Amendment of the Montreal Protocol by focusing on the energy efficiency of cooling to increase and accelerate the climate and development benefits of phasing down HFCs.

Want to learn more about this report? On July 18, 2019 CLASP hosted the Air Conditioner Markets & Energy Efficiency Policy Opportunities webinar. CLASP, K-CEP, and our partners discussed the findings of the Room Air Conditioner Market Assessment and Policy Options Analysis reports for Vietnam, the Philippines, Thailand, and Kenya. Additionally, the World Bank presented on their cooling technology transfer program in Southeast Asia. Watch a recording of the webinar.


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